Neurodivergencies refer to variations in the way the brain functions, which can impact a person's thinking, learning, and behavior. Below are just a few examples of neurodivergencies. It is important to recognize that neurodiversity is a broad and complex concept that encompasses a wide range of variations in human brain function.
ADHD stands for "attention deficit hyperactivity disorder", a neurodevelopmental condition that affects attention, impulse control, and activity. Despite its name, ADHD is not necessarily a deficit of attention. Rather, it is difficulty in regulating attention. People with ADHD may find it onerous to direct and sustain focus on tasks or activities, especially those that are less interesting or stimulating. They may also face additional challenges in regulating their activity, which can manifest as impulsivity, physical restlessness, or difficulty sitting still. ADHD is a complex condition that affects each person differently. While it can present challenges, individuals with ADHD may have many strengths, such as tremendous creativity. Dr. Viani helps young people manage the symptoms of ADHD and harness the positive aspects of the condition to aid in their success.
Autism is a neurodevelopmental condition that affects social interaction, communication, and behavior. It is a spectrum condition, which means that it can affect individuals in different ways and to varying degrees. Some people with autism may have difficulty interacting with others, interpreting social cues, or expressing their thoughts and emotions. They may also experience sensory sensitivities, or have a limited range of interests or activities. Young people with autism may avoid school, isolate, and focus all their attention on a special area of interest to them, an area in which they often excel. It is important to recognize that every individual is unique, and that people with autism have a wide range of strengths and abilities. Dr. Viani focuses on and supports these strengths, rather than focusing solely on the challenges.
Learning disabilities are conditions that can affect a person's ability to process and understand information and can impact the ability to learn and succeed in school and at work. There are many different types of learning disabilities, including dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, and auditory processing disorder. People with learning disabilities often have a wide range of strengths and abilities, just like neurotypical individuals. Some common strengths of people with learning disabilities include creativity, determination, and resilience. With proper supports, people with learning differences can excel in their academic and career pursuits. Dr. Viani focuses on identifying individual aptitudes and interests, utilizing this information to enhance inner capacity for success in the acquisition of knowledge and skills.
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurological condition characterized by repetitive, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics. Tics are sudden, rapid, recurrent movements or sounds that can be simple or complex. Tics can be either motor (involving movement) or phonic (involving sound). TS typically begins in childhood and is often diagnosed between the ages of 3 and 9. Tics usually become less severe in adolescence and adulthood, and many people with TS experience a significant improvement or resolution of their tics as they get older. With treatment, which may include medications, behavioral therapy, and supportive counseling, most people with TS can manage their symptoms effectively and lead productive lives.